Not many people know about the valour of Baba Banda Singh Bahadur; a fact I truly feel sorry about. Our History books should be narrating the stories of great warriors born in India who made Mughals and Britishers dread the sons of soil. Instead, our children end up reading about the lavish ways of Akbar the great and Delhi Sultanate.
I am sharing this piece just to make Indian aware about Baba Banda Singh Bahadur. Hon’ble Prime Minister Sh Narendra Modi Ji has also spoken in length on Baba Banda Singh Bahadur when the country celebrated the great warrior’s 300th martyrdom at New Delhi in 2016. PM Narendra Modi Ji also took part in the commemoration releasing a book and souvenir on his life.
Take a look at five most amazing aspects of Baba Banda Singh Bahadur’s life –
- Baba Banda Singh Bahadur had become a bairagi as he renounced his comfortable life and left his home at the age of 15. It was Dasham Pitah Sri Guru Gobind Singh Ji who created an awareness in him that he is a Sikh and a warrior and he should fight for the people and justice. Sri Guru Gobind Singh Ji gifted Banda Singh five arrows, one Nagara, five Khalsa Singhs and a handwritten message for Sangat. Their meeting happened at Nanded.
2. Baba Banda Singh Bahadur created a Sikh army of warriors and succeeded in capturing back large part of Punjab by defeating Mughals in the Battle of Samana. He established Sikh rule and minted coins in the name of Sri Guru Nanak Dev Ji.
3. The biggest conquest for Baba Banda Singh Bahadur was the victory in Sirhind where he defeated Wazir Khan, the cruel Governor of Sirhind who ordered the execution of Sahibzada Fateh Singh Ji and Sahibzada Zorawar Singh Ji in 1705. Historians account that Wazir Khan was beheaded by the Sikh army in the battle of Chappar Chiri in May 1710. Shiromani Akali Dal-BJP led Punjab Govt built a monument, Fateh Burj, at Chappar Chiri to pay tribute to the great warrior Baba Banda Singh Bahadur.
4. He not only defeated the Mughals with his strength but also with his wit. When Mughal army laid a siege at Lohgarh to capture Baba Banda Singh Bahadur, he fooled the Mughals by making his General Gulab Singh dress like him. The plan worked and Baba Banda Singh Bahadur escaped the siege successfully.
5. It is said that emperor Bahadur Shah Zafar was very scared of Baba Banda Singh’s valour. His army succeeded in capturing Baba Banda Singh in 1715 along with his son and many Sikh warriors. The Mughal army bound all the captives head and foot in chains and paraded them all the way to Lahore. Mughals inflicted goriest torture on Sikh soldiers and asked them to accept Islam. Upon refusal, Mughal army pulled out the Sikh warriors’ eyes and chopped off their hands and feet. Mughals humiliated Baba Banda Singh by carving out the heart of his son and forcing it into Baba Banda Singh’s mouth. Despite such torture, Baba Banda Singh Bahadur didn’t betray the spirit of Sikhsim.
Delhi Sikh Gurdwara Management Committee (DSGMC) has installed his huge statue near the Mandi House metro station in New Delhi. Delhi govt led by Arvind Kejriwal had refused to extend any help for the same so the land was provided by Punjab Government led by S. Parkash Singh Badal Ji and the statue was also gifted by him.
No words can suffice his gallantry and committed administration. If we truly wish to pay a tribute to this great Sikh warrior, we should narrate his story to our children.